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Sun Spots and Brown Spots causes and treatments

Bedford, MA

Sun spots and brown spots on the skin appear as flat, darkened patches that vary in size and shape, often resulting from prolonged sun exposure or aging.

Defining Sun and Brown Spots


Sun spots and brown spots, often referred to as age spots or liver spots, are flat, darkened patches on the skin, varying in size and shape, and typically appear on areas frequently exposed to the sun.


What Causes These Spots?


  1. Prolonged Sun Exposure: The primary culprit, the sun's ultraviolet (UV) rays, stimulate melanin production, leading to the formation of these spots over time.

  2. Aging: With age, the skin's ability to fend off UV rays diminishes, leading to increased melanin deposits in certain areas.

  3. Genetics: Some individuals might be genetically predisposed to developing these spots.

  4. Hormonal Changes: Hormonal shifts, especially during pregnancy or when on birth control, can lead to increased melanin production, causing what's commonly known as melasma or "pregnancy mask."


Eradicating the Shadows: Treatments for Sun and Brown Spots


  1. Topical Treatments: Lightening creams or serums containing ingredients like hydroquinone, kojic acid, or vitamin C can help fade the spots.

  2. Chemical Peels: By applying chemical solutions to remove the damaged top layer, newer, spot-free skin is revealed.


  3. Intense Pulsed Light (IPL): This light treatment targets and disperses melanin, reducing the appearance of spots.


  4. Microneedling: By creating controlled micro-injuries, this treatment promotes skin regeneration and can help in the dispersal of melanin clusters.

  5. Sun Protection: Daily application of a broad-spectrum sunscreen with an SPF of 30 or higher is essential to prevent further formation of sun and brown spots.



Sun and brown spots are the postcards of our sun-filled adventures; however, they can sometimes make us feel self-conscious about our skin's appearance. Modern dermatological treatments offer a range of solutions to reduce or eliminate these reminders of sun exposure and aging. If these spots are a concern, please request a complimentary consultation today.

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